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沭阳中学2016年高考

导读: 沭阳中学2016年高考(共4篇)沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练六学生版沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练六一、语言文字运用1 依次填入下列各句横线处的成语,最恰当的一组是( )①当中国步入商品社会后,“顾客就是上帝”的理念...

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沭阳中学2016年高考【一】:沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练六学生版

沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练六

一、语言文字运用

1.依次填入下列各句横线处的成语,最恰当的一组是( )

①当中国步入商品社会后,“顾客就是上帝”的理念被大力提倡,但这不等于说为顾客服务的人就是奴仆,顾客花了钱就可以________。

②某领导干部酒后驾驶、超速撞人后非但不认错,反而骂骂咧咧,________,扬言要办案交警小心着点儿,这种做法严重损害了人民公仆形象。

③大学毕业刚参加工作不久的小李真让人头疼:工作没有成绩时,他整天唉声叹气,悲观失望;工作稍有成绩时,便沾沾自喜,________。

A.颐指气使 盛气凌人 趾高气扬

B.盛气凌人 颐指气使 趾高气扬

C.颐指气使 趾高气扬 盛气凌人

D.趾高气扬 盛气凌人 颐指气使

2.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是( )

A.为改变运动员以往“重武轻文”的现象,国家体育总局近年来积极推动运动员文化教育,并将运动员参赛资格与文化测试成绩挂钩。

B.《兰州好人墙》开播以来,对这个栏目中的好人故事进行转载报道的电视、广播、报纸、网络等各类媒体超过百家左右。

C.中国举行南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日活动,表明了中国反对侵略战争、捍卫人类尊严和维护世界和平的坚定立场。

D.窦娥的故事明显有着东海孝妇的影子,该故事见于《汉书·于定国传》、刘向的《说苑》和干宝《搜神记》都有记载。

3.下面是一副缅怀鲁迅的对联,依次填入空格处的短语,最恰当的一组是( ) 上联:以赤热心,________,________

下联:________ ,写沉痛书,________

①作冷静语 ②含慈母泪 ③共知长翰有深期 ④莫谓遗言犹讽刺

A.①③②④

C.②③①④ B.①④②③ D.②④①③

4.依次填入下面一段文字横线处的语句,衔接最恰当的一组是( )

黄梅戏源于民间歌舞。山野村夫的劳动之歌,妇孺皆知的里巷歌谣,灯会社火之中的欢歌劲舞,是黄梅戏活泼的源头。________。________,________。________,________,________。今天所见的花腔小调,无论它与民歌有多大程度的类似,但经历过戏剧浪头的打磨后,已经具备了戏剧性音乐的某些特质,是一种民歌式的曲牌体制。

①它已经从田间地头走上舞台

②两小戏、三小戏的进程中出现的“花腔”腔系是黄梅戏形成的第一个阶段性成果 ③花腔虽然从民歌中转化出来

④从随口而歌进入到规定的戏剧情境

⑤作用已与民歌不大一样

⑥传达角色的心声

A.②③⑤①④⑥

C.①③⑤②④⑥ B.②⑤①③④⑥ D.③⑤①②④⑥

5.理解下面漫画的主旨,选出概括最恰当的一项(

)

A.做人要有畏惧心,时时掂量自己的言行,否则可能受到法律的制裁。

B.经营没有底线,无论什么人,必将受到严惩。

C.教育讲究公平,不公平的教育制度,一定会遭到谴责。

D.人为地将人分成等级,这样的制度将最终被唾弃。

二、名句默写

6.补写出下列名句名篇中的空缺部分。

(1)桑之未落,________________。于嗟鸠兮,无食桑葚! (《氓》)

(2)冠者五六人,童子六七人,浴乎沂,风乎舞雩,________________。(《论语》)

(3)我腾跃而上,不过数仞而下,________________,此亦飞之至也。 (庄子《逍遥游》)

(4)________________,以光先帝遗德,恢弘志士之气。 (诸葛亮《出师表》)

(5)木秀于林,________________;堆出于岸,流必湍之;行高于人,众必非之。

(李康《运命论》)

(6)金樽清酒斗十千,________________。

www.fz173.com_沭阳中学2016年高考。

(7)________________,夜吟应觉月光寒。 (李白《行路难》) (李商隐《无题》)

(8)元嘉草草,封狼居胥,________________。

三、文学类文本阅读 (辛弃疾《永遇乐·京口北固亭怀古》)

(2015·前黄等四校联考)阅读下面的文章,完成7~10题。

清 粥

王岫榕

①清粥是最家常的饭食,自然也不需要高贵的香米,普通的新鲜白米即可,洗过,泡过。傍晚,几朵夕阳的余晖打在灶台上,开始煮一锅清粥,只米和水,还有一颗悠闲的心,简单明了。

②煮粥过程很悠长,却并不枯燥。眼见着米和水,陷入纠缠,米会一下子感知到水的温暖,开始会觉得有点不适应,躲躲闪闪的。随着水一点点的沸腾翻滚,不停示好,米粒终于欢快起来,在水一波一浪的推动下,咕嘟咕嘟地跳着舞,随着热气徐徐上升,开出乳白的花朵。厨房里就会弥漫起淡淡的甜香,热乎乎的。这是米在慢慢地释放着自己,也是水,在慢慢地融入米的世界。这时候,就要把火关到最小,小到可以让锅保持着咕嘟的状态,又不会让刚氤氲出来的热气散掉。

③之后,米和水的生命进入另一状态,行动开始迟缓,安静,当米与水之间没有一丝的缝隙,稠且润泽,咕嘟声均匀如尘世的喧嚣,香气,便徐徐氤氲,是人间烟火的香气,也是幸福的香气。

④煮粥的时候,心是静的,手却很少闲着,随便拿一本闲书,看两页,照顾一下粥,再返回来看,没有大起大落的情节,随便从哪里看起,只是一种消磨,洗衣机里转动着衣服;或者摘一篮子青菜,是晚上的小菜,菜叶子油绿油绿的,用清水泡进红色的小框子里。为了配菜,再切了一盘雪白的豆腐,此时,孩子回来了,奔跑着去开了门,顺手将垃圾搁门口„„忙乱,却有序,琐碎也掺和着静好。

⑤朋友老是觉得我为一锅粥浪费了太多时间,她煮粥和许多人一样,放点米进去,加上水,调好电饭锅的火候,盖上盖子就可以了。吃饭的时候盛在碗里,有稀薄的米汤浮在上面,而米粒,却仿佛是受了什么委屈似的,悄悄地沉到了碗的最底下。事实上,米真的是委屈的啊!在这样的不受关注与注视下熬成的粥,只不过是填肚子的食物而已,米粒根本不肯释放香气。

⑥米也会分享主人的好心情,然后变成自己的好味道来报答你。

⑦粥快熬好的时候,锅里的米,早就变得懒懒的,躺在水的怀抱,惬意舒心的样子。而水,早就化成袅袅蒸汽,缭绕四散,也有调皮的,钻到了米的身体里躲起来了。锅还是那只锅,可是,锅里的水和米,却不想隐入,水中有米,米中也有水,再也分不开了,如生命和经历,总会有抗争和激烈,慢慢便进入一种状态——互相依存,又并不干扰。

⑧我是极爱喝粥的人,白瓷碗,小咸菜,或者一只腌出油的鸭蛋,是清粥的绝配。喝一口,黏稠润泽,牙还没有感知到,就滑到了身体里,唇齿留香,紧接着,是身体里的温暖与熨帖,心,一下子就松弛下来,世事都远了,只愿此刻,专心感知粥的美味,体味生活的眷顾,感知安静的、有粥可食的人生。

⑨青春飞扬的年纪,处处都是好风景,很难将自己关在厨房里为自己、为家人煮一锅真正的清粥。便常常用稀饭代替,哄骗的,终究是自己的身体和心。

⑩不知从何时起,开始有心思慢慢熬一锅清粥,好像没有着急要做的事,吃了亏,煮粥的过程便慢慢平复了心境。躲在厨房里,少了一些灯红酒绿,却多了许多闲适,心和味蕾都更敏感,对幸福有了更清醒的感知。房子车子票子,盈余就好,不求太多。身体的熨帖和糯滑的口感,成了第一需求。

⑪清粥为伴,滋润身心,给予生命营养,便不惧流年。

⑫愿为自己慢慢煮一锅白米清粥的人,也在生活的大命题中将自己慢慢地熬煮着,不激烈,不偏执,不放弃,一点点让灵魂散发出香气。

(摘自《文苑经典美文》,2014.8)

7.文章详细描写了煮粥这个富有情趣的过程,请简单概括这个过程。

答:_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

8.请结合全文分析第⑤段画横线语句的作用。

答:_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

9.从修辞角度赏析第⑫段画线语句的表达效果。

答:_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

10.请结合文本探究“煮一锅清粥”给我们的人生启示。

答:_______________________________________________________________________

沭阳中学2016年高考【二】:江苏省沭阳中学2016届高三上学期英语自主练习

江苏省沭阳中学2015-2016学年度上学期高三英语自主练习

完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

John Wanamaker, founder of the stores that bear his name, once confessed: “I learned thirty years ago that it is foolish to scold. I have enough trouble __1__ my own limitations without fretting(苦恼) over the _2__ that God has not seen fit to distribute evenly the gift of intelligence.”

Wanamaker learned this lesson __3__, but I have lived in this old world for a third of a century _4__ it even began to dawn upon me that ninety-nine times out of a hundred, people don’t __5__ themselves for anything, no matter how wrong it may be.

Criticism is __6__ because it puts a person on the defensive and __7__ makes him strive to justify himself. Criticism is dangerous, because it wounds a person’s precious _8__, hurts his sense of importance, and arouses __9__.

B. F. Skinner, the world-famous psychologist, __10__ through his experiments that an animal __11__ for good behavior will learn much more rapidly and retain (记住) what it learns far more __12__ than an animal punished for bad behavior. Later studies have shown that the same __13__ on humans. By criticizing, we do not make __14__ changes and often incur (招致) hate.

Hans Selye, another great psychologist, said, “As much as we _15_ approval, we dread(害怕)condemnation.”

The hate that criticism engenders can discourage employees, family members and friends, and still not _16__ the situation that has been condemned.

When dealing with people, let us remember we are not dealing with creatures of logic. We are dealing with creatures of __17__, creatures bristling (发怒) with prejudices and motivated by pride and vanity.

Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain, and most fools do. But it __18_ character and self-control to be understanding and forgiving.

Instead of __19_ people, let’s try to understand them. Let’s try to __20__ why they do what they do. That’s a lot more profitable and intriguing than criticism; and it brings sympathy, tolerance and kindness. “To know all is to forgive all.” As Dr. Johnson said: “God himself, sir, does not propose to judge man until the end of his days.”

1. A. overcoming B. solving C. forgiving D. recognizing

2. A. concern B. doubt C. fact D. dream

3. A. wisely B. quickly C. personally D. early

4. A. since B. before C. when D. until

5. A. demand B. criticize C. enjoy D. judge

6. A. impossible B. difficult C. necessary D. useless

7. A. suddenly B. usually C. completely D. gradually

8. A. pride B. fame C. hope D. honour

9. A. imagination B. sympathy C. hate D. boredom

10. A. proved B. realized C. predicted D. suggested

11. A. cared B. bought C. rewarded D. raised

12. A. instantly B. effectively C. naturally D. commonly

13. A. lives B. agrees C. counts D. works

14. A. lasting B. small C. sudden D. rapid

15. A. make for B. plan for C. account for D. thirst for

16. A. expect B. discover C. understand D. correct

17. A. emotion B. intelligence C. mind D. reason

18. A. lacks B. takes C. offers D. gains

19. A. punishing B. attacking C. condemning D. defeating

20. A. turn out B. stand out C. figure out D. give out 单项选择

21. Aids and how it is transmitted are familiar to the public, __________ quite a few people subscribe to the belief that HIV and Aids are merely an African problem because of the high infection rate there. A. while B. for C. yet D. though

22. Besides glamorous careers in law or business, there are many other unusual occupations you can __________ such as tasting beer at a brewery, and testing rides for amusement park.

A. take on B. take up C. take to D. take in

23. Since the snowstorm has blocked the highway, we have no choice but to postpone our visit to the exhibition __________ till the next week.

A. held B. being held C. to be told D. having been held

24. After being kept for observation in a recovery center run by the International Animal Rescue, these turtles were sent back __________ they belonged — nature.

A. to where B. to that C. to what D. to which

25. A safety analysis would have __________ the target as a potential danger, but unfortunately, it was never done.

A. qualified B. modified C. clarified D. identified

26. While emergency teams were using ropes to lift the badly damaged train, doctors and nurses arrived __________ to give oxygen and other medical suppliers to the survivors.

A. on the scene B. under way C. on the point D. on the way

27. — If we take a plane, we’ll of course have arrived in Paris by the next weekend.

— Don’t be sure, we should __________ the weather factors. What shall we do if it is foggy?

A. reflect on B. answer for C. correspond to D. calculate on

28. Were it not for the fact that he __________ his work, he __________ enjoying himself by the seaside.

A. completed; wouldn’t have been B. had completed; wouldn’t have been

C. has completed; wouldn’t be D. completes; wouldn’t be

29. Apart from his monthly salary as a sale manager, he also gets a travel __________ that covers hotel bills.

A. insurance B. excellent C. allowance D. competence

30. An interview is a conversation between an employer and a(n) __________ employee so that the interviewer can access the applicant and see if he or she is fit for the position.

A. dynamic B. excellent C. anxious D. potential

31. On top of word of mouth, the combination of economic opportunities, preferential government policies and sponsorship for studying abroad __________ what lies behind the reversal of China’s brain drain.

A. are B. is C. have been D. has been

32. The whole town was simply swept aside by the power of water. Cars, trains and buildings could not __________, __________ the people who stood in the way.

A. remain; or rather B. achieve; besides C. exist; more or less D. survive; let alone

33. — Hey, you fellow! Would you like to come and taste the dishes I have cooked?

— Don’t __________. You even don’t know how to fry an egg.

A. rain cats and dogs B. pull my leg C. be all ears D. be all thumbs

34. It’s really a wonder that all the passengers on board __________ while the plane itself sank into the freezing Hudson River in New York.

A. should have been saved B. could have been saved

C. can be saved D. must have been saved

35. — To be honest, I can do this job better than anyone else.

— If you think so, __________ and give it a go.

A. let me se B. behave yourself C. be my guest D. do it yourself

36. —Oil prices are going down almost every day. We really can’t believe it.

—But for the situation where frequent unrest _____ lately in Russia and Ukrain, oil prices _____ so low.

A. happened; would not be B. has happened; would not be

C. had happened; would not have been D. has happened; will not be

37. ______ with the other players on the team, that footballer was short. But his speed _____ his small size.

A. Compared; compensated for B. Comparing; headed for

C. Comparing; applied for D. Compared; pushed for

38. —As we all know, reading gives our minds only materials of knowledge.

—Yes. It’s thinking that makes _____ we read ours.

A. that B. what C. which D. it

39. This artificial scenic spot ____ constructed now ___ to be open to the public next month.

www.fz173.com_沭阳中学2016年高考。

A. having been; is planned B. being; is intended

C. is being; is D. being; is about

40. Without facts, we cannot form a worthwhile opinion, for we need to have factual knowledge ______ our thinking.

A. which to base on B. which to be based on

C. upon which to base

D. upon which to be based

任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Are you having a tough time job hunting? Do you need to get your job hunt in gear?

These job hunting tips from leading career experts and top executives at leading job sites will help you focus your job hunt and ensure your job hunt succeeds.

When I was a kid, my father often told me that you should wait until right after lunch if you were interviewing for a job, asking someone for a favor or otherwise concerned about having someone's rapt attention. By contrast, he warned me, doing any of these things right before lunch was very bad strategy. Reason: when people are hungry, they are bound to be impatient enough; after they are fed, they are likely to be content and generous. Something to remember in marketing yourself. Once again, it seems that my father indeed knew best. A recent academic study of petitions for parole indicates that, controlling for all other factors, the sooner after a meal that a case came up before the judges, the more likely the judges were to grant the petition.

It is a mistake to believe that you cannot negotiate compensation when you receive a job offer, despite the overall weak job market. Organizations may decide not to fill a position because of the business climate, but once they decide to fill a position, they usually want the best candidate and are willing to pay them what they need in order to get them to accept and feel good about the offer. That means once an organization decides that you are the person they want to hire, you are in a relatively strong position to negotiate compensation. Companies rarely include everything they have in their initial offer because they want to retain some flexibility to negotiate with the candidate. Offers almost never are withdrawn because you seek more as long as you ask in the right way (i.e. no ultimatums or threats.) Even if you are unemployed you can negotiate compensation if you know how. Simply put, if you don't ask you are likely to be leaving money on the table.

For those with an adventurous spirit or simply wanting to take a different approach to their job hunt, we recommend giving seasonal work a try. One major perk of a seasonal job is to be able to fully commit and try out a new field, location, or job without the full-blown expectations of accepting a year-round job with similar scope. Anyone can do a job for three to six months and see if they like it. This type of work may also be a good fit for the recently laid off to fill in the gaps while looking for full time work. In our experience, seasonal jobs can play a major role in your work/career discovery process. Knowing that many are out of work and re-assessing their skill sets, this type of work might be just the ticket to send job seekers on a new and exciting path.

Companies spend a great deal of effort trying to find the right candidate, but in this economy it can be easy for job seekers to forget that there are in fact many employers looking for them. It’s key for job seekers to stay up-to-date on where employers go to find candidates and develop a presence there. Indeed Resume, an open resume search engine, is a great example of where companies will be searching for employees in 2012. Because Indeed Resume is open to all companies, your resume can be found by many more employers. To protect your privacy, employers can’t see your personal contact information until you provide approval.

自主练习57

单项选择

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完形填空

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任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

单项选择

CBBAD AACCD BDBAC BABBC

完形填空

ACDBB DBACA CBDAD DABCC

任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

单项选择

CBBAD AACCD BDBAC BABBC

完形填空

ACDBB DBACA CBDAD DABCC

任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

单项选择

CBBAD AACCD BDBAC BABBC

完形填空

ACDBB DBACA CBDAD DABCC

任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

单项选择

CBBAD AACCD BDBAC BABBC

完形填空

ACDBB DBACA CBDAD DABCC

任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

单项选择

CBBAD AACCD BDBAC BABBC

完形填空

ACDBB DBACA CBDAD DABCC

任务型阅读

71. impatient 72. generosity 73. offered

76. fail 77. seasonal 78. unemployed

自主练习57

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沭阳中学2016年高考【三】:沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练十教师版

沭阳县华冲中学2016年高考基础训练十

一、语言文字运用

1.依次填入下列各句横线处的成语,最恰当的一组是( )

①最令人诟病的无疑是斯科拉里在选择前锋时的________,不论专家如何反对,他却毫不犹豫地将弗雷德和若征召入队。

②他们在政治上看重民心向背,老子在这篇文章中所描述的拥有至高境界的“圣人”,并不________,而是以民心为己心。

③从十八大以来查处的案例看,反腐高压态势下________、依然故我的现象并非个别,这种情形就是顶风违纪、顶风作案。

A.刚愎自用 我行我素 师心自用

B.我行我素 师心自用 刚愎自用

C.刚愎自用 师心自用 我行我素

D.师心自用 刚愎自用 我行我素

解析 刚愎自用:倔强固执,自以为是。符合①句的语境。师心自用:固执己见,自以为是。符合②句的语境。我行我素:不管别人怎样说,我还是按照我本来的一套去做。符合③句的语境。

答案 C

2.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是( )

A.在财务报表中,獐子岛公司在每一次“消耗性生物资产”暴增的数据后边做出解释:主要原因是虾夷扇贝底播面积及苗种投入增加所致。

B.在日常生活中,我们享受着各式各样的服务形式,但是,稍不小心,你就可能遇到你不愿意掏钱却又不得不消费,或者说是“过度”消费的情况。

C.2014年12月13日是我国第一个南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日,以南京大屠杀为题材的当代话剧《中山码头》正是为这一天特别策划创作的。

D.文明寻根是一条永恒的道路,连接着过去与未来,但在创新还未能及时跟上的时候,守住传统文明则成为能否激发创造潜能的关键。

解析 A项,句式杂糅,删去“原因”或“所致”。B项,搭配不当,“享受”与“形式”不搭配,删去“形式”。D项,不合逻辑,应在“守住传统文明”前面加“能不能”。 答案 C

3.(2015·苏州期末)下面四句本为湖南长沙岳麓书院中的一副对联,请依照文意与对联的一般原则,选出最适当的排列方式( )

甲:江阔天高

乙:鸢飞鱼跃

丙:识此心之分量

丁:见斯道之流行

A.甲、乙,丙、丁

C.甲、丙,乙、丁 B.乙、丁,甲、丙 D.丙、甲,丁、乙

解析 首先,形式上,上下联字数相同,句法结构相同,对应词语词性相同。据此,排除A项。其次,音节上,对联讲究平仄相对,音韵和谐。一般说来,上联尾字大多为仄声字,下联尾字大多为平声字。据此排除B、D两项。

答案 C

4.依次填入下面横线上的句子,与上下文衔接最恰当的一组是( )

在21世纪的今天,诗歌作为一种特殊的文学载体,逐渐面临边缘化的境遇:一方面是追求诗歌精神的静谧深远,________,________;或许到了该为诗歌说点什么的时候了。________。既然如此,那么就让我们在这个喧嚣时代的生活中去发现诗意,复活诗歌曾经的荣光吧!

①另一方面则是远离人间四月的引吭高歌

②另一方面则是直面世俗诱惑的喧哗浅短

③两难的境地使诗歌面临进退维谷的状态

④诗歌就在这两难的境地中进退维谷

⑤德国诗人荷尔德林曾说:“人,诗意地栖居在这片大地之上。”

⑥我国现代诗人何其芳说:“诗饱含丰富的思想和感情。”

A.①③⑤ B.②③⑥ C.②④⑤ D.①④⑥

解析 此题中第一句话第二句话是总分的关系,第一句强调诗歌面临边缘化的境遇,第二句具体指出“一方面”的积极现状,根据词语“一方面„„另一方面”的固定搭配,“另一方面”应指出消极的现状,故第一空选②;第二空在③④中选择,是对前两句话的总结。根据全段的主要介绍对象是“诗歌”,而不是“两难的境地”,故选④;第三空结合语段最后一句话强调“诗意”,故选⑤。

答案 C

5.阅读下面这幅漫画,对它的寓意理解不恰当的一项是(

)

A.告诫人们要脚踏实地,关注脚下,不要好高骛远。

B.自负以及好高骛远往往会害了自己。

C.告诫人们不要眼睛朝上,要脚踏实地,在摸索中前进。www.fz173.com_沭阳中学2016年高考。

D.保持队形行路慢,特立独行脚步稳。

解析 图的上方是一只戴着望远镜的小狗领着两只小狗前进,最后一只是盲眼的,它拄着拐杖。在它们的前面有个地洞,但前面明眼的小狗都没有看见脚下的地洞,都掉入洞中,而盲眼的小狗却绕过了地洞安全通过。所以A、B、C三项的理解都是正确的,D项的理解偏离了漫画的内容。

答案 D

二、名句默写

6.补写出下列名句名篇中的空缺部分。

(1)__________________,羡长江之无穷。

(苏轼《赤壁赋》) (庄子《逍遥游》) (屈原《离骚》) (2)__________________,而后乃今将图南。 (3)__________________,恐美人之迟暮。

(4)盘盘焉,囷囷焉,__________________ ,矗不知乎几千万落。 (杜牧《阿房宫赋》)

(5)__________________?往事知多少。 (李煜《虞美人》)

(《孟子·鱼我所欲也》)

(范仲淹《渔家傲》)

(朱柏庐《治家格言》) (6)生亦我所欲,所欲有甚于生者,__________________。 (7)__________________。千嶂里,长烟落日孤城闭。 (8)__________________,毋临渴而掘井。

答案 (1)哀吾生之须臾 (2)背负青天而莫之夭阏者 (3)惟草木之零落兮 (4)蜂房水涡 (5)春花秋月何时了 (6)故不为苟得也 (7)四面边声连角起 (8)宜未雨而绸缪

三、文言文阅读

阅读下面的文言文,完成后面题目。

李穆,字孟雍,开封府阳武人。父咸秩,陕西大都督府司马。穆幼能属文,有至行。行.

路得遗物,必访主最之。从王昭素受《易》及《庄》、《老》书,尽究其义。昭素谓曰:“子所得皆精理,往往出吾意表。”且语人曰:“李生异日必为廊庙器。”

周显德初,以进士为郢、汝二州从事,迁右拾遗。宋初,以殿中侍御史选为洋州通判。既至,剖决滞论,无留狱焉。移隘州通判,有司调郡租渝河南,穆以西州军食阙,不即应命,坐免。又坐举官,削前资。时弟肃为博州从事,穆将母就肃居,虽贫甚,兄弟相与讲学,意泊如也。

开宝五年,以太子中允召。明年,拜左拾遗、知制诰。五代以还,词令沿华靡,至穆而独用雅正,悉矫其弊。穆与卢多逊为同门生,太祖尝谓多逊:“李穆性仁善,辞学之外无所豫。”对

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