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高中英语语法练习题

导读: 高中英语语法练习题(共4篇)高中英语语法专项练习(最新汇总)高中英语语法专项练习(汇总)专项练习姓名_______ 班级_______得分_________一. 单项填空1. One of the requireme...

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【一】:高中英语语法专项练习(最新汇总)

高中英语语法专项练习(汇总)

<虚拟语气>专项练习

姓名_______ 班级_______得分_________

一. 单项填空

1. One of the requirement for a fire is that the material____ to its burning temperature.

A is heated B will be heated C be heated D would be heated

2 --___ to live on land one day, where could he stay?

---On the moon or under the sea, I think.

A If man is forbidden B Should man be forbidden C If man forbade D When man has forbidden 3 Nowadays the government urges that all children ___ be well educated.

A will B should C must D would

4 _____ in my present work, I would be quite willing to do what you ask me to.

A If I am not engaged B Were I not engaged

C If I don’t engage D Didn’t engage

5 ---How I wish I had studied harder when I was in senior school.

----If you had, you ___ a university student now.

A are B would be C should D were

6 ---Did you attend Tom’s birthday party yesterday?

---I wish I ____. I was giving a English lecture in the school hall.

A have B did C do D had

7 It’s required that the students ___ mobile phones in that school, so seldom ___them using one.

A not use; will you see B should not use; you will see

C don’t use; will you see D would not see; you will see

8 But for your advice, I ___ into trouble.

A would get B got C might have got D should get

9 ---Did Frank call you yesterday?

----- Yes, but I would rather he ____.

A not B hadn’t C didn’t D wouldn’t

10 ----Were you in time for the meeting?

----If I ___ told earlier, I would have.

A. were to be B was C had been D should be

11 Thank you for giving me a hand. I ___ in the experiment without your valuable help.

A had failed B will fail C would have failed D must have failed

12 Though there is no one in the hall, he stands on the stage as if he ____watched and expected to give a speech.

A has been B were being C had been D is being

13 –Hi, I see you are giving a lecture again! What’s it about?

---Well, ___ the chat room ten minutes ago, you would have known what we were talking about!

A had you joined B if you joined C were you to join D if you should join

14 It’s high time the government ____ measures to help the graduates.

A takes B took C will take D has taken

15 All the citizens here strongly insist those found ___ “harmful” advertisements in the streets _____ punished strictly.

A putting up; will be B to put up; should be

C being put up; shall be D putting up; be

二. 翻译句子。

1 如果没有电,生活将是什么样子?

2 如果你昨天来听讲座,你就会见到怀特(White)教授了。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

3 我多么希望你能来参加这个周末的聚会啊!

____________________________________________________________________.

4 琼经常对着她的狗讲话,好像它能停懂她说的话似的。

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

5 如果不是你的帮助,我不可能按时完成工作。

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

6 宝贝,到了你该洗澡睡觉的时间了。

____________________________________________________________________.

7 我宁愿你下周再告诉他这个秘密。

____________________________________________________________________.

8 老师建议我们多注意我们的发音。

____________________________________________________________________.

9 妈妈命令这个孩子立刻把自己的房间打扫干净。

____________________________________________________________________.

10 如果你听医生的话,现在你就好了。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

《定语从句》专项练习

姓名______班级_______得分_______

【高考回顾】

1 He paid the boy $10 for washing, most of ___ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year.

A these B those C that D which

2 She heard a terrible noise, ____ brought her heart into her mouth.

A it B which C this D that

3 In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person____ she could turn for help.

A that B who C from whom D to whom

4 The weather turned out to be very good, ____ was more than we could expect.

A what B which C that D it

5 After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child.

A which B where C that D when

6 Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play,_____, of course, made the others unhappy.

A who B which C this D what

7 The film brought the hours back to me _____ I was taken good care of in the far-away village.

A until B that C when D where

8 _____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A It B As C That D What

【习题精选】

1 Is there a supermarket around ___ I can have something to buy?

A that B what C which D where

2 Edison made a lot of inventions, ____ of great importance.

A which I think are B which I think they are

C which I think they D I think they are

3 The Greens will move into the new house next Monday, ___ it will be completely finished.

A by the time B by which time C by that time D by this time

4 When lost in work, ___ he often was, he would forget all about eating and sleeping.

A what B so C just like D as

5 Chinese is written in characters, ___ seems rather difficult to many westerners.

A that B it C which D what

6 I’ll talk about a newly-opened market___ you may get all___ you need.

A in which; which B where; that

C where; what D which; that

7 Within three years a new residential area came into being ____ there had been wild grass and small pond.

A that B where C before D so that

8 I don’t very much like the way____ she is dressed.

A in that B by which C of which D /

9 She got a letter from her boyfriend, ____ was a big surprise.

A which B that C this D it

10 There are five books, ____ three are borrowed from the school library.

A which B whose C of which D of that

11 What do you think of the time ____ we spent in Dalian this summer.

A when B that C at which D about which

12 Would you mind me buying the same color dress ___ you bought?

A that B as C which D /

13 With the fast development of agriculture, the people _____ village I taught before have lived a happy life.

A who B whose C in whose D in which

14 He arrived in New York in 1896, ____, some time later, he became a write.

A when B where C that D which

15 She may have missed her train, in _____ case she won’t arrive for another hour.

A what B that C where D which

16 I think you’ve got the point____ a change is needed; otherwise you’ll fail.

A when B that C where D which

17 We had to put off the picnic till next week, ____we would be free.

A when B which C at which D where

18 There are three beds in the room, ____ is yours.

A the smallest of which B the smaller of which

C the smallest of them D the smallest one

19 The boys, ____ could not reach the shelf, all went to look for something to stand on.

A the taller of whom B the tallest of whom

C the tallest one D the tallest of them

20 I’m the only one of the boys _____ never late for school.

A that is B who are C who am D that are

21 We visited the biggest factory _____make toys for children.

A that B which C where D in which

22 Last night we went to Ann’s party,____ we enjoyed very much.

A when B that C which D where

23 There is a mountain ____ the top is always covered with snow.

A of that B of which C its D whose

24 Was ____ Bill, ____ was playing in the yard, ____ found the lost key.

A it; who; whom B which; that; that C it; who; that D this; who; who

25 The school ____ I visited the other day was not the one___ I once studied.

A which; where B which; which C where; which D where; wherewww.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

26 I hope you will find this area a beautiful place______ you may spend your weekend.

A which B when C that D where

27 This is the very park____ they often met in the past and the very park ___ they often visit now.

A where; that B that; where C which; which D where; where

28 My school is not the same ____ it used to be.

A like B as C that D which

29 There is no such dictionary ____ you can find everything.

A there B where C that D on which

30 Is this the museum _____ we visited a few days age?

A that B where C in which D the one

31 Mr. Smith, ____ money now is not a problem, still lives a simple life.

A whose B for whom C of whom D who

32 I live in Beijing, _____ is the capital of China.

A where B which C that D it

33 I , who ____ your friend, can understand you.

A am B is C was D are

34 The reason _____ he failed was that he was too careless.

A how B for which C for that D of which

35 This school is only for children ____ first language is not English.

A which B whom C whose D their

《状语从句和并列句》专项练习

姓名___________班级___________得分_______________

【高考回顾】

1 ---What was the party like ?

----Wonderful. It’s years ___I enjoyed myself so much.

A after B before C when D since

2 Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially ____Father was away in France.

A as B that C during D if

3 If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, _____great it is.

A what B how C however D whatever

4 After the war, a new school building was put up ___ there had once been a theatre.

A that B when C which D where

5 Why do you want a new job ___ you’ve got such a good one already?

A that B where C which D when

6 ----I’m going to the post office .

---- ______ you are there, can you get me some stamps?

A As B While C Because Dif

7 _____ you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it.

A Now that B After C Altogether D As soon as

8 You should make it a rule to leave things ____ you can find them again.

A when B where C then D there

9 We’ll have to find the job, ________.

A long it takes however B it takes however long

C long however it takes D however long it takes

10 Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up ____ I could answer the phone.

A as B since C until D before

11 The WTO cannot live up to his name ____ it does not include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind.

A as long as B while C if D even though

12 It is generally believed that teaching is ____ it is a science.

A an art much as B much an art as C as an art much as

D as much an art as

13 _____ from Beijing to London!

A How long way it is B What a long way is it

C How long way is it? D What a long way it is

14 Be sure to write us, _____?

A will you B aren’t you C can you D mustn’t you

15 ____ down the radio –the baby’s asleep in the next room.

A Turning B To turn C Turned D Turn

16 –I don’t like chicken _____fish.

-----I don’t like chicken, ___ I like fish very much.

A and; and B and; but C or; and D or; but

17 ---Would you like to come to dinner tonight?

-----I’d love to, ____I’m too busy.

A and B so C as D but

18 Would you like a cup of coffee______ shall we get down to business right away?

A and B the C or D otherwise

【二】:高中英语语法练习大全

高中英语语法练习

一:句子成分;简单句、并列句和复合句

练习一

一、指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分:

二、用符号划出下列短文各句中的主语(—)、谓语(=)、宾语(~): I hope you are very well. I'm fine, but tired. Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm. August is the hottest month here. It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark. Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors. We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat. We have a lot of machines on the farm. Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him. But he employs more men for the harvest. My brother takes care of the vegetable garden. It doesn't often rain in the summer here. As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden. Every evening we pump water from a well. It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden.

三、用符号划出下列短文各句中的定语(—)、状语(=)、补语(~): Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time. These parties often make us very happy. We cook meat on an open fire outside. It's great! Americans eat a lot of meat — too much in my opinion. Some of my friends drink beer. I don't, because I have to drive home after the party. In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States. There are five

different time areas in the States. In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time. How many different time areas do you have in China? Well, I must stop and get some sleep. Please give my best regards to your parents.

四、选择填空:www.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

( )1. ____ will leave for Beijing.

A. Now there the man B. The man here now

C. The man who is here now D. The man is here now

( ) 2. The weather ____.

A. wet and cold B. is wet and cold C. not wet and cold D. were wet and cold

( ) 3. The apple tasted ____.

A. sweets B. sweetly C. nicely D. sweet

( ) 4. He got up ____ yesterday morning.

A. lately B. late C. latest D. latter

( )5. The actor ______at the age of 70.

A. dead B. died C. dyed D. deaded

( )6. ____ were all very tired, but none of ____ would stop to take a rest.

A. We, us B. Us, we C. We, our D. We, we

( )7. He found the street much ______.

A. crowd B. crowding C. crowded D. crowdedly

( ) 8.I think _____necessary to learn English well.

A. its B. it C. that D. that is

( ) 9. The dog ____ mad.

A. looks B. is looked C. is being looked D. was looked

( )10.I will never forget the day ______ I joined the army.

A. that B. when C. in which D. where

练习二

一、判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句:

1. We often study Chinese history on Friday afternoon.

2. The boy who offered me his seat is called Tom.

3. There is a chair in this room, isn’t there?

4. My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back home at seven in the evening.

5. He is in Class One and I am in Class Two.

6. He was fond of drawing when he was yet a child.

7. Neither has he changed his mind, nor will he do so.

8. What he said at the meeting is very important, isn’t it?

9. The farmer is showing the boy how to plant a tree.

10. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music.

二、判断下列短文中各句是简单句、并列句还是复合句:

I hope you are very well( ). I'm fine, but tired( ). Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm( ). August is the hottest month here( ). It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark.( ) Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors( ).

We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat(

). We have a lot of machines on the farm( ). Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him( ). But he employs more men for the harvest( ). My brother takes care of the vegetable garden( ). It doesn't often rain in the summer here( ). As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden( ). Every evening we pump water from a well( ). It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden( ).

Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time( ). These parties often make us very happy( ). We cook meat on an open fire outside( ). It's great( )! Americans eat a lot of meat — too much in my opinion( ). Some of my friends drink beer( ). I don't, because I have to drive home after the party( ). In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States( ). There are five different time areas in the States( ). In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time( ). How many different time areas do you have in China( )? Well, I must stop and get some sleep( ). Please give my best regards to your parents( ).

三、选择填空:

www.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

1. Give me one more minute ____ I’ll be able to finish it.

A. and B. or C. if D. so

2. It’s the third time that John has been late, ____?

A. hasn’t he B. isn’t he C. isn’t it D. hasn’t it

3. ____ joyful he was to meet his brother again!

A. How B. What C. What a D. What an

4. Let us pass, ____?

A. shan’t we B. shall we C. won’t we D. will you

5. I suppose he’s serious, ____ ?

A. do I B. don’t I C. is he D. isn’t he

6. You had better not smoke here, ____?

A. will you B. had you C. shall you D. have you

7. Train as hard as you can ____ you’ll win the swimming competition.

A. then B. but C. and D. or

8. I’m sorry to have to say this, ____ you forgot to turn off the lights when you left the room last night.

A. and B. but C. so D. because

9. John has not yet passed the driving test, and ____.

A. Henry hasn’t too B. Henry also has not either C. neither Henry has D. neither has Henry

10. There are many sports lovers in his office. Some love climbing, ____ others enjoy swimming.

A. or B. for C. while D. so

11. ---- Do you feel like going out ____ would you rather have dinner at home?

---- I’d like to go out. A. or B. and C. but D. so

12. ---- “____ is the temperature today?” ----“It’s 38 degrees.”

A. Which B. How C. How hot D. How high

13. ---- Your uncle isn’t an engineer, is he? ---- ____.

A. Yes, he isn’t B. No, he isn’t C. No, he is D. He is

14. ____ friendly ____ to everyone!

A. How, is she B. What, is she C. How, she is D. What, she is

15. Mary went to bed early, ____ she felt very tired.

A. or B. so C. for D. yet

16. Mother ____ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. was making B. makes C. is making D. made

17. He lay in bed ____ read something borrowed from library.

A. but B. and C. or D. yet

18. ---- I’d really like some lunch but I have so much work to do.

---- ____ what you want and I can get it for you.

A. Tell me B. If you would say to me C. You will tell me D. If you tell me

19. As he is strong, ____ can lift one hundred pounds.

A. yet he B. but he C. and D. he

20. ---- I thought you had an umbrella. ---- I had, ____ I’ve lost it.

A. since B. but C. because D. so

21. ____ down the radio ---- the baby’s asleep in the next room.

A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn

22. ---- I don’t like chicken ____ fish. ---- I don’t like chicken ____ I like fish very much.

A. and, and B. and, but C. or, and D. or, but

23. ---- Would you like to come to dinner tonight? ---- I’d like to, ____ I’m too busy.

A. and B. so C. as D. but

24. Would you like a cup of coffee ____ shall we get down to business right away?

A. and B. then C. or D. otherwise

25. She set out soon after dark ____ home an hour later.

A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived D. and arrived

26. “Can’t you read?” Mary said ____ to the notice.

A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. and angrily pointed

27. She thought I was talking about her daughter, ____, in fact, I was talking about my daughter.

A. whom B. where C. which D. while

28. ____ it with me and I’ll see what I can do.

A. When left B. Leaving C. If you leave D. Leave

www.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

29. ---- Alice, you feed the bird today, ____? ---- But I fed it yesterday.

A. do you B. will you C. didn’t you D. don’t you

30. ____ him and then try to copy what he does.

A. Mind B. Glance at C. Stare at D. Watch

四、按要求完成下列句子:

1. He dares to tell the truth.(改为否定句)

www.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

(对画线部分提问)

3. There will be a sports meet at the end of this month, ____________?(完成反意疑问)

4. You must be careful with your pronunciation.(改为祈使句)

5. They went for a walk after supper yesterday evening.(改为一般疑问句)

6. It is an interesting story.(改为感叹句)

7. This magazine comes out(出版)(对画线部分提问)

8. They could hardly believe his words, ____________?(完成反意疑问)

9. The moon is shining brightly.(改为感叹句)

(对画线部分提问)

二:主谓一致

1.I, who____ your friend, will try my best to help you with your English.

A.am B.is C.are

D.be

2. The rich ____ not always happy.

A.are B.is C.has D.havewww.fz173.com_高中英语语法练习题。

3. Neither Tom nor Jack and I ____ his students.

A.are B.am C.is D.was

4. Mary as well as her sisters ____ Chinese in China.

A. are studying B. have studied C. studies D. study

5. Neither my father nor I ____ at home.

A.am B.is C.are D.be

6. Not only my brother but also I ____ good at painting. Both of us ____ good painters.,

A.are;are B.am;am C.ani;are D.is;is

7. Every' boy and every girl ____ to attend the evening party.

A.wish B.wishes C.is like D.like

8. Over 80 percent of the population of China ____ peasants.

A.was B.is C. would be D.are

9. The population of China ____ larger than that of .any other country in the world.

A.is B.are C.has D.have

10. Every means ____ tried but without any result.

A. have been B.is to be C.are to be D. has been

11. Alice, together with two boys,____ for having broken the rule.

A. was punished B. punished C. were punished D. being punished

12. The League secretary and the monitor____ asked to attend the .meeting this afternoon.

A.is B.was C.are D.is being

13. The great writer and professor____.

A. is an old man B. are both old men

C. is an old man and a young man D. were two Chinese

14. There ____ a pen, two pencils and three books on the desk.

【三】:高一英语语法练习题

  做好语法的练习,能够让你的学习成绩得到提升。下面是学习啦小编为大家收集整理的高一英语语法练习题,相信这些文字对你会有所帮助的。
 

  高一英语语法练习题(一)

  1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.

  A. Which B. where C. what D. in which

  2.Do you know the man _______?

  A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke

  3.This is the hotel _______last month.

  A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed

  C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed

  4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

  A. which B. that C. when D. on which

  5.That is the day ______I'll never forget.

  A. which B. on which C. in which D. when

  6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here.

  A. where B. to which C. which D. in which

  7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working.

  A. where B. that C. which D. there

  8.This is one of the best films _______.

  A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown

  C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked

  9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

  A. about which you talked B. which you talked

  C. about that you talked D. that you talked

  10.The pen ______he is writing is mine.

  A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which

  11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.

  A. whom B. who C. which D. that

  12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old.

  A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom

  13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?

  A. who B. who's C. which D. whose

  14.I'm interested in ______you have said.

  A. all that B. all what C. that D. which

  15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday.

  A. which B. who C. what D. as

  16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be.

  A. who B. whom C. that D. as

  17.He is good at English, ______we all know.

  A. that B. as C. whom D. what

  18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.

  A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him

  19.I don't like ______ as you read.

  A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels

  20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school.

  A. which B. that C. whom D. what

 

  高一英语语法练习题答案:

  1.A.which用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。

  2.C.“和谁讲话”要说speak to sb. 本题全句应为Do you know the man whom I spoke to.whom是关系代词,作介词to的宾语,可以省略。

  3.D.where是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。

  4.C.when是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。

  5.A.which是关系代词,在从句中作forget的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。

  6.C.解析同第5题。

  7.A.解析见第3题。

  8.A.本句话的先行词应该是films,因此,关系代词that是负数概念,其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态have been shown.如果句中的one前面使用了定冠词the,则the one应该视为先行词。

  9.A.“谈到某事物”应说talk about sth.about是介词,其后要用which作宾语,不能用that。

  10.A.with which是“介词+关系代词”结构,常用来引导定语从句.with有“用”的意思,介词之后只能用which,不能用that. with which在定语从句中作状语,即he is writing with a pen.

  11.C.in front of which 即in front of a farmhouse.In front of which在从句中作状语。

  12.D.with whom引导定语从句.with whom放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer。

  13.D.whose引导定语从句,在从句中作主语family的定语。

  14.A.that引导定语从句,因为先行词是all,所以只能选用that引导。

  15.D.the same...as是固定用法,as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语。在本句话中,as作从句的主语。

  16.D.such...as是固定用法,as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本题中,as作表语。

  17.B.as作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时as所指代的不是主句中某个名词,而往往指代整个主句的含义。as在从句中可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句后,也可置于主句前。在本句中,as作宾语。

  18.B.Li Ming enjoyed it very much是主句,with whom I went to the concert是定语从句。with whom放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming.

  19.C.as引导定语从句时通常构成such…as或the same…as固定搭配,其中such和same修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。Such修饰单数名词时,要用such a..,本题中such books,such直接修饰复数名词。

  20.B.things和persons是先行词。当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,又表示物的名词时,其关系代词要用that。

 

  高一英语语法练习题(二)

  1.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing.

  A. which B. that C. whom D. who

  2.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women.

  A. them B. which C. whom D. who

  3.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it.

  A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who

  4.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now.

  A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that

  5.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world.

  A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what

  6.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV.

  A. that B. which C. as D. it

  7.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together.

  A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

  8.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong.

  A. which B. whose C. what D./

  9.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting.

  A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which

  10.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly.

  A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after

  C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after

  11.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill.

  A. why; that B .that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what

  12.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam.

  A.that B.which C.for which D.who

  13.That is not the way ______I do it.

  A./ B.which C.for which D.with which

  14.I have two grammars, ______are of great use.

  A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which

  15.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago.

  A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which

  16.My neigh bours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them.

  A. who B. which C. that D. it

  17.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph.

  A. that B. which C. from that D. from which

  18.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done.

  A. that B. which C. who D. as

  19. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes.

  A. / B. why C. when D. whose

  20. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular.

  A. that B. which C. it D. though

 

  高一英语语法练习题答案:

  1.D.who引导非限制性定语从句,who作从句的主语。

  2.C.two thirds of whom 即:two thirds of the 2,000 workers。

  3.D.先行词person后有两个定语从句,第一个从句省略了关系代词whom.因为,whom作从句中met的宾语,可以省略。第二个从句who could do it.who在从句中作主语,不可省略。

  4.A.whose title引导非限制性定语从句,whose title也可以说成the title of which.

  5.A.for which 引导定语从句,使用介词for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for“以……而闻名”。

  6.C.当先行词被such修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用as。 As在本从句中作主语。

  7.A.两个先行词the day都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要用关系副词when。第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词spent的宾语,因此要用关系代词which或that来引导定语从句。

  8.D.在way、distance、direction等词后的定语从句中,常用that来代替“in (或其他介词)+which”、when或where,而that常可省略。

  9.D.for which在定语从句中作原因状语,可用why来替代。

  10.B.which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句。

  11.A.The reason why… was that….已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的why和that不能随意换位,也不能将that改成because,尽管that这个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义。

  12.B.非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义。

  13.A.解释见28题。

  14.D.主句中的two表明不能选A。从句中的are表明不能选B。both of which用来引导非限制性定语从句。

  15.C.as引导定语从句时通常构成such…as或the same…as固定搭配,其中such和same修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中as作从句的主语。

  16.B.非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义。

  17.D.

  18.D.解析见35题。

  19.A.he makes是定语从句,从句前省略了关系代词that。

  20. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句。

【四】:高二英语语法练习题及答案

  对于英语语法的学习,不仅需要正确的方法,还需要做大量的练习。下面是学习啦小编收集整理的高二英语语法练习题目及其参考答案以供大家学习。
 

  Ⅰ.单项填空

  1.(2009年高考福建卷)________ not to miss the flight at 15∶20,the manager set out for the airport in a hurry.

  A.Reminding          B.Reminded

  C.To remind D.Having reminded

  解析:选B。句意:有人提醒经理不要错过15∶20的航班,他匆忙出发去了机场。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。主句主语the manager与remind之间的关系为逻辑上的动宾关系,故排除A、C、D三项,因为这三项表主动,而只有B项表被动。

  2.(2010年高考湖南卷)Dina,________ for months to find a job as a waitress,finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

  A.struggling B.struggled

  C.having struggled D.to struggle

  解析:选C。此处分词短语作时间状语,其逻辑主语Dina与struggle为主动关系,故排除B项。由句中的finally可知非谓语动词表示的动作发生在句中谓语took a position之前,故用现在分词的完成主动式。

  3.(2009年高考江西卷)________ the right kind of training,these teenage soccer players may one day grow into international stars.

  A.Giving B.Having given

  C.To give D.Given

  解析:选D。考查非谓语动词。如果把句子补充完整应该是:If they are given the right kind of training,可知主语they即these teenage soccer players与give之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词。而A、B、C三项都不表示被动含义。

  4.(2009年高考四川卷)________ many times,he finally understood it.

  A.Told B.Telling

  C.Having told D.Having been told

  解析:选D。考查非谓语动词。tell与主语之间的关系是被动关系,故排除表示主动意义的B项和C项。由状语many times可知tell这一动作在谓语动词understand之前发生过多次,所以用having been done来表示被动和完成。

  5.(2009年高考天津卷)________ by the advances in technology,many farmers have set up wind farms on their land.

  A.Being encouraged B.Encouraging

  C.Encouraged D.Having encouraged

  解析:选C。考查非谓语动词。由于主语many farmers和作状语的encourage之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的B项和D项。而being encouraged除表示被动外,还表示进行。农民们显然不是正在受到科技进步的鼓舞,故排除A项。

  6.(2011年汕头高二检测)________ in 1636,Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.

  A.Being founded B.It was founded

  C.Founded D.Founding

  解析:选C。分析句子结构可知应选考查非谓语动词形式作状语的,排除B项,另外found与Harvard之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形式作状语,故选C。

  7.(2011年晋中高二检测)________ as the “First Lady of Speech”,Dr Lillian Glass is recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on communication skills.

  A.Knowing B.Having known

  C.Known D.To be known

  解析:选C。 be known as被称为……。Dr Lillian Glass与know之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形式作状语。A、B表主动,应排除;D项表将来,也可排除。

  8.________ more attention,the trees could have grown better.

  A.Given B.To give

  C.Giving D.Having given

  解析:选A。考查分词作状语。句子主语the trees与give之间是被动关系,而四个选项中只有A项表示被动意义,故答案选A。Given more attention相当于一个条件状语从句If the trees were given more attention。

  9.________ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.

  A.Losing B.Having lost

  C.Lost D.To lose

  解析:选C。考查分词作状语。句意:由于陷入沉思,他差一点撞到前面的车上。be lost in thought为固定搭配,意为“陷入沉思”。过去分词短语lost in thought在句中作原因状语。

  10.The research is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it.

  A.begins B.having begun

  C.beginning D.begunw

  解析:选D。考查分词作状语。句意:这项调查研究事先计划的如此完好,以至于一旦开始,什么也无法改变它。begin与research之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的A、B、C三项。once begun在句中作条件状语,它是状语从句once it is begun的省略形式。

  11.Generally speaking,________ according to the directions,the drug has no side effect.

  A.when taking B.when taken

  C.when to take D.when to be taken

  解析:选B。考查分词作状语。完整的说法应是when the drug is taken according to the directions...。由于主句的主语和从句的主语相同,因此可以省略从句的主语the drug和谓语的一部分is,故答案为B。

  12.________ into use in April,2000,the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns.

  A.Put B.Putting

  C.Having put D.Being put

  解析:选A。考查过去分词作状语。句子的主语是the hotline与put into use“投入使用”存在被动关系,排除表示主动的B项和C项。D项表示正在投入使用,不符合语境。

  13.In order not to be found,I spent the whole night ________ in my room.

  A.locking B.locked

  C.to lock D.lock

  解析:选B。考查过去分词作状语。句意:为了不被找到,我整晚上都把自己锁在自己的房间里。lock的逻辑主语I和lock之间存在被动关系,故用过去分词作伴随状语。本题易受“spend... doing sth.句型的影响,易误选A。其实我并不是把整晚上的时间都用在了“锁”这一动作上,故排除A。

  14.________,liquids can be changed into gases.

  A.Heating B.To be heated

  C.Heated D.Heat

  解析:选C。考查过去分词作状语。句意:被加热时,液体可以变成气体。由于对于液体来说是加热的承受者,是被动的,因而选C。A项表示主动,B项表示目的,D项是谓语动词的形式。

  15.Unless ________ to speak,you should remain silent at the conference.

  A.invited B.inviting

  C.being invited D.having invited

  解析:选A。考查过去分词作状语。句意:除非受到邀请讲话,否则在大会上你应该保持沉默。invite与you之间是被动关系,排除B、D。being invited表示正在受到邀请,不符合语境。

  Ⅱ.句型转换(把下列句子转变成过去分词作状语的结构)

  1.If I am offered great help,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

  ________ ________ ________,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

  答案:Offered great help

  2.Because she was frightened,she asked me to go with her.

  ________,she asked me to go with her.

  答案:Frightened

  3.If he is given time,he’ll make a first?class tennis player.________________,he’ll make a first?class tennis player.

  答案:Given time

  4.He stood there silently,and he was moved to tears.

  He stood there silently,________________________.

  答案:moved to tears

  5.When they were first introduced to the market,these products enjoyed great success.

  When first ________________________________,these products enjoyed great success.

  答案:introduced to the market

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